Their subjects’ features are often portrayed with an element of caricature.
Félix Vallotton and Jean-Emile Laboureur, meanwhile, immortalised the crowds of Parisians and day-trippers who came in droves to the World Exhibitions and to dance-halls to indulge in the pleasures of the moment.
These places were hotbeds for artists, writers and intellectuals, who worked together on a gesamtkunstwerk combining music, literature and visual art.
Printmakers designed programmes for them, sometimes taking entertainment as such as their subject, but mostly focusing on the theme of the production itself.
Phillip Dennis Cate et al., The Spirit of Montmartre: Cabarets, Humor and the Avant-Garde, 1875-1905, New Brunswick 1996
Richard Thomson et al., Toulouse-Lautrec and Montmartre, Washington 2005
C. Leribault et al., Paris 1900. La ville spectacle, Paris 2014