Vincent van Gogh (1853 - 1890), Nuenen, March-April 1885
oil on canvas, 34.0 cm x 44.3 cm
Credits (obliged to state): Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam (Vincent van Gogh Foundation)
Anton Kerssemakers, an amateur painter who took lessons from Van Gogh, recalled that Vincent’s studio was full of objects including ‘all kinds of mosses and plants brought along from the moor, some stuffed birds, a spool, a spinning wheel . . .’ The ‘spool’ might have been this bobbin winder – a device used to wind spun thread onto a bobbin or spool. Weavers in Van Gogh’s time were already working with mechanically spun thread, but the thread was still spooled manually. The execution of the painting is deft, smooth and thin – so thin in places that the ground layer and transparent green base colour are still visible. Van Gogh was fascinated by lighting effects, and there is a powerful element of backlighting in this painting. He uses touches of light grey to represent the fall of light on the bobbin winder, while the white and yellow highlights intensify the contrasts between light and shade. The objects were probably lit from three sides: not only by the window on the left, but also from above and by a lamp in front of the basket to the left. The shadows of the bobbin winder’s legs do not, however, tally exactly with these light sources: all three fall at different angles.
- Object number
- 34.0 cm x 44.3 cm, 46.5 cm x 56 cm
- With his brother Theo van Gogh, Paris, after April 1885; after Theo’s death on 25 January 1891, inherited by his widow, Jo van Gogh-Bonger, and their son, Vincent Willem van Gogh, Paris; administered until her death on 2 September 1925 by Jo van Gogh-Bonger, Bussum/Amsterdam/Laren; transferred by Vincent Willem van Gogh, Laren, on 10 July 1962 to the Vincent van Gogh Foundation, Amsterdam (ratified 28 December 1970); agreement concluded on 21 July 1962 between the Vincent van Gogh Foundation and the State of the Netherlands, in which the preservation and management of the collection, and its placing in the Rijksmuseum Vincent van Gogh, to be realized in Amsterdam, is entrusted to the State; given on loan until the opening of the museum on 2 June 1973 to the Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam; on permanent loan to the Rijksmuseum Vincent van Gogh from 2 June 1973 and at the Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam, since 1 July 1994.
- Vincent van Gogh
- Credits (obliged to state)
- Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam (Vincent van Gogh Foundation)
Amsterdam, Rijksmuseum Amsterdam, Van Gogh te gast in het Rijksmuseum. Meesterwerken van het Van Gogh Museum, 19 September 1998 - 2 May 1999
Nuenen, Gemeentehuis, Een brabantse Van Gogh ervaring, 6 June 1984 - 20 October 1984, no. zonder nr.
Walther Vanbeselaere ; met een woord vooraf door August Vermeylen, De hollandsche periode (1880-1885) in het werk van Vincent van Gogh (1853-1890), 1937, pp. 304, 393, 416
H.P. Baard, Kunst in schuilkelders : de odyssee der nationale kunstschatten gedurende de oorlogsjaren 1939-1945, 1946, p. 17
Jan Hulsker, The new complete Van Gogh : paintings, drawings, sketches, 1996, pp. 114-115
Ed. by E. van Uitert and M. Hoyle; with contrib. from H. van Crimpen ... [et al.], The Rijksmuseum Vincent van Gogh, 1987, p. 316
Translation Ivonne Paternotte-Limburg, Rijksmuseum Vincent van Gogh Amsterdam : guide to the collection of paintings, 1979, [unpaged]
Ed. by Ortrud Westheider and Michael Philipp ; Exh. and catalog by: Michael Philipp ; With contrib. by: Sjraar van Heugten, Valerie Hortolani, Stefan Koldehoff... [et al.], Van Gogh : still lifes, 2019, p. 166
Ronald de Leeuw, Van Gogh Museum : schilderijen en pastels, 1993, p. 58-59
By J.B. de la Faille ; foreword by Charles Terrasse ; translated from the French by Prudence Montagu-Pollock, Vincent van Gogh, 1939, p. 150
Vorwort von J.B. de la Faille, Vincent van Gogh : Gemälde, 1928, vol. 1, p. 54, vol. 2, pl. XLVII
Louis van Tilborgh, Marije Vellekoop, Vincent van Gogh schilderijen : Nederlandse periode, 1881-1885 : Van Gogh Museum : 1, 1999, p. 126-129
J.B. de la Faille ; bijdragen van Abraham M. Hammacher en Jan G. van Gelder ; vert. van het artikel van A.M. Hammacher James Brockway, The works of Vincent van Gogh : his paintings and drawings, 1970, pp. 99, 618