27 July 2016
From 21 October 2016 to 29 January 2017, 'Daubigny, Monet, Van Gogh: Impressions of Landscape' will be on display at the Van Gogh Museum.
The exhibition addresses the crucial role played by French artist Charles-François Daubigny as an innovator of 19th-century landscape art, and examines his influence on younger artists such as Vincent van Gogh, Claude Monet and Camille Pissarro. Daubigny, Monet, Van Gogh: Impressions of Landscape features impressive works on loan from museums and private collections all over the world, many of which have never before been on public display in the Netherlands.
The ‘father of Impressionism’
Nowadays, the general public know little about Charles-François Daubigny (1817-1878), if anything at all. But in his day, the French artist was famous. Daubigny was a celebrated and influential artist, acclaimed for his landscapes. His idiosyncratic interpretations of nature were an innovation; his canvases were true open-air impressions.
Daubigny’s loose, sketch-like technique caused a great deal of controversy: critics ‘appraised’ his paintings as ‘just impressions’. However, these works paved the way for subsequent generations of artists, including influential Impressionists such as Monet.
Vincent van Gogh admired Daubigny for the intense personal emotion with which he imbued his landscapes. Van Gogh’s esteem became explicit in the final months of his life, when he painted his own landscapes in Auvers-sur-Oise, the village where Daubigny had lived and worked.
Daubigny, Monet, Van Gogh: Impressions of Landscape is the first major exhibition to unite works by Daubigny, Van Gogh and Impressionists such as Monet. It features works loaned from international public and private collections including The Mesdag Collection in The Hague, the Tate and National Gallery in London, The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York and the Petit Palais in Paris.
The exhibition is the result of close collaboration between the Van Gogh Museum, The Mesdag Collection, the Taft Museum of Art in Cincinnati and the National Galleries of Scotland in Edinburgh. This is the first time that a large number of the international loans will be on public display in the Netherlands.
Striking works featured in the exhibition include:
Cliffs near Villerville-sur-Mer, 1864-1872 (The Mesdag Collection, The Hague), Moonrise at Auvers, 1877 (The Montreal Museum of Fine Arts), Sunset at Villerville, c.1876 (The Mesdag Collection, The Hague), ‘The Studio on the Boat’, from the series of prints Le Voyage en Bateau, 1862 (Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam), Apple Blossoms, 1873 (The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York).
The Seine at Lavacourt, 1880 (Dallas Museum of Art), The Studio Boat, 1874 (Kröller-Müller Museum, Otterlo), Sunset on the River Seine at Lavacourt, Winter Effect, 1880 (Petit Palais, Paris), Spring (Fruit Trees in Bloom), 1873 (The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York), La Pointe de la Hève, Sainte-Adresse, 1864 (The National Gallery, London).
The White Orchard, 1888 (Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam), Farms near Auvers, 1890 (Tate, London), Daubigny’s Garden, 1890 (Collection Rudolf Staechelin).
Experience Daubigny’s approach
In order to be able to work directly in nature, Daubigny commissioned a studio boat upon which he embarked on lengthy trips. He would paint his landscapes from the water, something that is reflected in the points of view he selected for these works. Monet would later follow Daubigny’s lead.
Daubigny, Monet, Van Gogh: Impressions of Landscape features a 21st-century reproduction of Daubigny’s studio boat. Film, audio and various objects allow the public to experience the artist’s waterborne approach to painting for themselves.
Landscape drawings: the Van Gogh Museum print cabinet
Landscape drawing was extremely popular in the 19th century. Numerous artists worked outside surrounded by nature, capturing their impressions with pencil, chalk or watercolour. Running alongside Daubigny, Monet, Van Gogh: Impressions of Landscape, the Van Gogh Museum will be presenting highlights from its collection of French landscape drawings in the print cabinet.
The Ministry of Education, Culture and Science and the BankGiro Loterij are the Van Gogh Museum’s structural partners, and it is partly due to their support that the museum is able to organise exhibitions. Van Lanschot Bankiers supported the realisation of the new Entrance Hall. Thanks to the new building, even more visitors are now able to enjoy the Van Gogh Museum’s permanent collection and temporary exhibitions.