Salon des Indépendants
The conservative selection policies of the Salon caused ongoing frustration among impressionist and neoimpressionist artists. In 1884 Henri-Edmond Cross, Paul Signac, and George Seurat, among others, founded the Société des Artists Indépendants to encourage innovation and to give all artists better access to critics and the public. For these reasons, they accepted the work of any painter who wished to participate in their annual exhibition, the Salon des Indépendants. The growing prominence of this and other independent exhibitions in the late 19th century gradually eroded the importance of the Salon.